A description of the writings of confucius hammurabi and the book of the dead

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A description of the writings of confucius hammurabi and the book of the dead

At first, they seem very different, they're from different times, regions, and religions, but they all offer a peek into what values ancient people considered important. One of the values that all three civilizations is justice and fairness.

I feel that this is best viewed in Hammurabi's laws. All of the penalties for the crimes are very stiff, but fair. I feel that it is fair that "If he has broken the limb of a patrician, his limb shall be broken" It's like in the Bible "An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.

In Confucius' writings, he never actually says the word "justice", but he does say "Great Man cherishes excellence; Petty Man, his own comfort. Great Man cherishes the rules and regulations; Petty Man special favors. This is most evident in Confucius' writings.

He is constantly stressing family values and responsibility. One quote that shows this is "Let the sole sorry of your parents be that you might become ill. Hammurabi showed responsibility by saying "If a builder has built a house for a man, and has not made his work sound, and the house he built has fallen, and caused the death of the man's son, the builder's son shall be put to death.

In Egypt, during the ritual of the dead, it is said that the dead man, in order to pass into the afterlife, must profess that he has not done anything to hurt anyone. This shows responsibility because if the man did not tell the truth, he was responsible for not entering the afterlife.

Knowing that they would be responsible for their actions, the Egyptians tried not to hurt people in their mortal lives. The final value that all three cultures had in common was being truthful.

All three cultures relied heavily on the truth. In Hammurabi's laws, it says "If a man has borne false witness in a trial, or has not established the statement that he has made, if that case be a capital trial, that man shall be put to death.

One of the lines of the Book of the Dead reads "I have not committed sin in the place of truth," which I read as "I have not lied.


In Sumer, Hammurabi's strict punishments kept people from disobeying them. On the other hand, Egypt didn't use any kind of physical punishment, but they used threats.

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The people thought that if they went against the values, Osiris, god of the afterlife, would punish them after their died. In China, the values weren't enforced, but they were protected by the government. In the second century B. I am greatly impressed by Hammurabi's ideas.

His laws may sound harsh, but they had to be. In ancient Sumer, you had to be harsh or people wouldn't even listen. I don't agree, however, with his double standards.Oct 31,  · Confucius, Hammurabi And The Book Of The Dead Comp atomic number 18 and separate the belles-lettres of Confucius, Hammurabi, and the defend of the deadThree of the most famous writings from superannuated civilizations are the writings of Confucius, Hammurabis code of laws, and Egypts Book of the Dead.

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A description of the writings of confucius hammurabi and the book of the dead

Articles cover authors, works, genres, and topics. Many seem to rely heavily on a single source; e.g., those on The Apostolic Fathers and its component works draw primarily on Bart Ehrman's Loeb edition.

Mark Kishlansky is Professor of English and European History and Associate Dean of the Faculty at Harvard University. Before joining the Harvard faculty he taught for sixteen years at the University of Chicago, where he was a member of the Committee on Social Thought. Welcome to my World History Before website! Please feel free to contact me if you have any questions or concerns about information appearing on this site. My email is [email protected] and my office phone is () Three of the most famous writings from ancient civilizations are the writings of Confucius, Hammurabi's code of laws, and Egypt's Book of the Dead. At first, they seem very different, they're from different times, regions, and religions, but they all offer a peek into .

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A description of the writings of confucius hammurabi and the book of the dead

Hammurabi‟s legal decisions were collected and emblazoned on a stone tablet that showed laws known as “the Code of Hammurabi”. ANCIENT CHINA Similar to . The Book of the Dead was: Confucius believed that rulers: Hindu teachings and writings that show people how to reach enlightenment through meditation.

Atman. the divine "Self" that resides within every human being. Nirvana. the complete, blissful, and absolute union of .

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