These prisoners are chained so that their legs and necks are fixed, forcing them to gaze at the wall in front of them and not look around at the cave, each other, or themselves a—b. The prisoners cannot see any of what is happening behind them, they are only able to see the shadows cast upon the cave wall in front of them. The sounds of the people talking echo off the walls, and the prisoners believe these sounds come from the shadows c.
Pythagoreanism Although Socrates influenced Plato directly as related in the dialogues, the influence of Pythagoras upon Plato also appears to have significant discussion in the philosophical literature. Pythagoras, or in a broader sense, the Pythagoreans, allegedly exercised an important influence on the work of Plato.
Harethis influence consists of three points: It is probable that both were influenced by Orphism. The physical world of becoming is an imitation of the mathematical world of being. These ideas were very influential on HeraclitusParmenides and Plato.
For Numenius it is just that Plato wrote so many philosophical works, whereas Pythagoras' views were originally passed on only orally.
Metaphysics These two philosophers, following the way initiated by pre-Socratic Greek philosophers like Pythagoras, depart from mythology and begin the metaphysical tradition that strongly influenced Plato and continues today.
His image of the river, with ever-changing waters, is well known. According to this theory, there is a world of perfect, eternal, and changeless forms, the realm of Being, and an imperfect sensible world of becoming that partakes of the qualities of the forms, and is its instantiation in the sensible world.
The precise relationship between Plato and Socrates remains an area of contention among scholars.
Plato makes it clear in his Apology of Socrates that he was a devoted young follower of Socrates. In that dialogue, Socrates is presented as mentioning Plato by name as one of those youths close enough to him to have been corrupted, if he were in fact guilty of corrupting the youth, and questioning why their fathers and brothers did not step forward to testify against him if he was indeed guilty of such a crime 33d—34a.
Later, Plato is mentioned along with Crito, Critobolus, and Apollodorus as offering to pay a fine of 30 minas on Socrates' behalf, in lieu of the death penalty proposed by Meletus 38b.
In the Phaedothe title character lists those who were in attendance at the prison on Socrates' last day, explaining Plato's absence by saying, "Plato was ill". Phaedo 59b Plato never speaks in his own voice in his dialogues. In the Second Letterit says, "no writing of Plato exists or ever will exist, but those now said to be his are those of a Socrates become beautiful and new" c ; if the Letter is Plato's, the final qualification seems to call into question the dialogues' historical fidelity.
In any case, Xenophon and Aristophanes seem to present a somewhat different portrait of Socrates from the one Plato paints.
Some have called attention to the problem of taking Plato's Socrates to be his mouthpiece, given Socrates' reputation for irony and the dramatic nature of the dialogue form.
Aristotle suggests that Socrates' idea of forms can be discovered through investigation of the natural world, unlike Plato's Forms that exist beyond and outside the ordinary range of human understanding.
Plato's use of myth Mythos and logos are terms that evolved along classical Greece history. In the times of Homer and Hesiod 8th century BC they were quite synonyms, and contained the meaning of tale or history.
Later came historians like Herodotus and Thucydides, as well as philosophers as Parmenides and other Presocratics that introduced a distinction between both terms, and mythos became more a nonverifiable account, and logos a rational account.
Instead he made an abundant use of it. This fact has produced analytical and interpretative work, in order to clarify the reasons and purposes for that use.
Plato, in general, distinguished between three types of myth. Then came the myths based on true reasoning, and therefore also true.
Finally there were those non verifiable because beyond of human reason, but containing some truth in them. Regarding the subjects of Plato's myths they are of two types, those dealing with the origin of the universe, and those about morals and the origin and fate of the soul.
He considered that only a few people were capable or interested in following a reasoned philosophical discourse, but men in general are attracted by stories and tales.
Consequently, then, he used the myth to convey the conclusions of the philosophical reasoning. Some of Plato's myths were based in traditional ones, others were modifications of them, and finally he also invented altogether new myths. Aristotle gestures to the earth, representing his belief in knowledge through empirical observation and experience, while holding a copy of his Nicomachean Ethics in his hand.
Plato holds his Timaeus and gestures to the heavens, representing his belief in The Forms. Recurrent themes Plato often discusses the father-son relationship and the question of whether a father's interest in his sons has much to do with how well his sons turn out.
In ancient Athens, a boy was socially located by his family identity, and Plato often refers to his characters in terms of their paternal and fraternal relationships.
Socrates was not a family man, and saw himself as the son of his mother, who was apparently a midwife.Dec 28 Plato's "The Allegory of the Cave": A Summary (Tommy Maranges) Socrates: “Why do people think philosophy is bullshit?
Let me put it this way - imagine you’re in a cave, all chained up so you can’t turn your body at all, and all you get to look at is this one wall.
Some assholes behind you are making shadow puppets using the light. The book VII in the Plato’s Republic is called the Allegory of the Cave. Allegory of the Cave is perhaps the most catching in terms of Platonic education, the enlightenment and good in people. ‘The Allegory of The Cave’ by Plato: Summary and Meaning The ‘Allegory Of The Cave’ is a theory put forward by Plato, concerning human perception.
Plato claimed that knowledge gained through the senses is no more than opinion and that, in order to have real knowledge, we must gain it through philosophical reasoning. Emma Donoghue acknowledges the influence of Plato's Allegory of the Cave on her novel Room.
Ray Bradbury's novel Fahrenheit explores the themes of reality and perception also explored in Plato's Allegory of the Cave and Bradbury references Plato's work in the novel.
Filmmaker Fahmi Farahat uses his unique style to create a visual interpretation of Plato's masterpiece and perhaps the best known of work, Allegory of the Cave from his book, The Republic. We will write a custom essay sample on Reflection About Platos Allegory of the Cave specifically for you for only $ $/page.
Order now There is also another world: an eternal world of ideas. It is made up out of eternal unchanging forms of things.
This world can be known through reason alone.