July 12, at 2: The ancient Berbers were a negro race of people from north Africa who invaded Europe. They were not pig skinned like you.
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In the United Statesfor example, the people identified as African Americans do not share a common set of physical characteristics. There is a Arabians essay range of skin colours, hair colours and textures, facial features, body sizes, and other physical traits in this category than in any other human aggregate identified as a single race.
Features of African Americans vary from light skins, blue or gray eyes, and blond hair to dark skins, black eyes, and crinkly hair and include every range and combination of characteristics in between.
All this gives clear evidence of the socially arbitrary nature of race categories in North America. Since World War IItravel and immigration have greatly increased the contact of Western peoples with a wide variety of peoples throughout the world.
Contact with peoples of the South Pacific and Southeast Asiaas well as with peoples from several areas of Africa and the Middle Easthas shown that most of these people do not neatly fit into existing racial stereotypes.
Some appear to have a mixture of Asian and African or European and African physical characteristics. Others, such as Melanesians, can easily be mistaken for Africans or black Americans. More anomalous are native Australians, some of whom have light or blond wavy hair combined with dark skins.
Many Americans are recognizing that the social categories of race as evolved in the United States are inadequate for encompassing such peoples who, indeed, do not share the social history of racial minorities in the United States. Spanish and Portuguese colonial societies exhibited very different attitudes toward physical differences.
Even before Christopher Columbus set sail, the Mediterranean world had long been a world of heterogeneous peoples. Africans, southern Europeans, and peoples of the Middle East have interacted and interbred over Arabians essay of years, as long as humans have occupied these regions.
The Iberian peoples brought their customs and habits to the New World. Many Southeast Asians and Middle Easterners have found that they are frequently mistaken for blacks in America. Some American Indians are mistaken for Chinese, Japanese, or other Asian ethnic groups on the basis of their skin colour, eye structure, and hair colour and texture.
In like manner, many Arab Americans or Persians are thought to be Latinos. Sixth-generation Chinese Americans have American ethnicity; many know little or nothing about traditional Chinese culture, just as European Americans and African Americans may know little or nothing about the cultures of their ancestors.
Moreover, all cultures change, and they do so independently of the biogenetic features of their carriers. Modern scientific explanations of human biological variation Contemporary scientists hold that human physical variations, especially in those traits that are normally used to classify people racially—skin colour, hair texture, facial features, and to some extent bodily structure—must be understood in terms of evolutionary processes and the long-range adaptation of human groups to differing environments.
Other features may simply reflect accidental mutations or functionally neutral changes in the genetic code. In any given habitat, natural forces operate on all of the living forms, including human groups. The necessary interaction with these forces will affect the survival and reproduction of the members of these societies.
Such groups already have a wide and complex range of hereditary physical characteristics; indeed, human hereditary variability is a product of human sexual reproduction, whereby every individual receives half of his or her genetic endowment from each parent and no two individuals except for identical twins inherit the same combination of genetic features.
The global distribution of skin colour see map is the best example of adaptation, and the consequences of this process have long been well known. Skin colour clines gradations in indigenous populations worldwide correlate with latitude and amounts of sunlight. Indigenous populations within a broad band known as the tropics the regions falling in latitude between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn have darker skin colours than indigenous populations outside of these regions.
The distribution of skin colour variations of indigenous populations before colonization by Europeans. The map, compiled by the author of this article, Audrey Smedley, is a reconstruction of populations based on a number of sources.
In some cases, areal characteristics have been estimated from descriptions or drawings of first contact by the earliest Europeans. In other cases, where there was little European contact or where there is scant information about native populations as there is, for example, about the populations of inner Asiaskin colour was estimated from surrounding populations and geographic and climatological information.
On a map of this scale, it is difficult to give more than a representation of current understanding. It must also be noted that many populations, even before the modern era, were quite heterogeneous for skin colour, and this heterogeneity is difficult to depict accurately on any scale.
In areas of the world where the indigenous population was sparse and widely scattered such as Australiathe map's colour density can be misleading.
Within the tropics, skin colours vary from light tan to very dark brown or black, both among populations and among individuals within groups. The darkest skin colours are found in those populations long residing in regions where intense ultraviolet sunlight is greatest and there is little natural forest cover.
The bluish black skins of some peoples—such as some of the Dravidians of South India, the peoples of Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, and peoples of the eastern Sudan zone, including Nubia, and the grasslands of Africa—are examples of the extremes of dark skin colour.
Medium brown to dark brown peoples are found in the rest of tropical Africa and India and throughout Australia, Melanesia, and other parts of Southeast Asia. Peoples with light skin colours evolved over thousands of years in northern temperate climates.Polygamy in America - Polygamy is defined as “a marriage that includes more than two partners.” There are different types of polygamy, these include: polygyny, where a man has multiple wives, polyandry, in which a woman has multiple husbands, and group marriage, where a family consists of multiple husbands and wives.
The Arabians - Islam This Essay The Arabians - Islam and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on pfmlures.com Autor: review • January 23, • Essay • Words (4 Pages) • Views. Page 1 of 4. Strabo, the celebrated geographer, speaking of the Parthenon, a temple in Athens, says: “In this was the inextinguishable or unquenchable lamp” (asbestos, the very word used in Mark , Luke , and Mark ).Of course, all it means is that the lamp was kept constantly or regularly burning during the period alluded to, though extinguished or quenched ages ago.
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