Under Blog Posts Once you get going on a paper, you can often get into a groove and churn out the bulk of it fairly quickly. But choosing or brainstorming a topic for a paper—especially one with an open-ended prompt—can often be a challenge. Everyone thinks through ideas differently, but here are some tips to help you brainstorm more effectively regardless of what learning style works best for you: Set an end goal for yourself Develop a goal for your brainstorm.
Nominal group technique Participants are asked to write their ideas anonymously. Then the facilitator collects the ideas and the group votes on each idea. The vote can be as simple as a show of hands in favor of a given idea.
This process is called distillation. After distillation, the top ranked ideas may be sent back to the group or to subgroups for further brainstorming. For example, one group may work on the color required in a product. Another group may work on the size, and so forth.
Each group will come back to the whole group for ranking the listed ideas. Sometimes ideas that were Brainstorming for research papers dropped may be brought forward again once the group has re-evaluated the ideas.
It is important that the facilitator be trained in this process before attempting to facilitate this technique. The group should be primed and encouraged to embrace the process. Like all team efforts it may take a few practice sessions to train the team in the method before tackling the important ideas.
Group passing technique[ edit ] Each person in a circular group writes down one idea, and then passes the piece of paper to the next person, who adds some thoughts.
This continues until everybody gets his or her original piece of paper back. By this time, it is likely that the group will have extensively elaborated on each idea. The group may also create an "idea book" and post a distribution list or routing slip to the front of the book.
On the first page is a description of the problem.
The first person to receive the book lists his or her ideas and then routes the book to the next person on the distribution list. The second person can log new ideas or add to the ideas of the previous person.
This continues until the distribution list is exhausted. A follow-up "read out" meeting is then held to discuss the ideas logged in the book. This technique takes longer, but it allows individuals time to think deeply about the problem.
Team idea mapping method[ edit ] This method of brainstorming works by the method of association. It may improve collaboration and increase the quantity of ideas, and is designed so that all attendees participate and no ideas are rejected.
The process begins with a well-defined topic. Each participant brainstorms individually, then all the ideas are merged onto one large idea map.
During this consolidation phase, participants may discover a common understanding of the issues as they share the meanings behind their ideas.
During this sharing, new ideas may arise by the association, and they are added to the map as well. It can be done manually or with computers. Directed brainstorming works when the solution space that is, the set of criteria for evaluating a good idea is known prior to the session.
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If known, those criteria can be used to constrain the ideation process intentionally. In directed brainstorming, each participant is given one sheet of paper or electronic form and told the brainstorming question.
They are asked to produce one response and stop, then all of the papers or forms are randomly swapped among the participants.
The participants are asked to look at the idea they received and to create a new idea that improves on that idea based on the initial criteria. The forms are then swapped again and respondents are asked to improve upon the ideas, and the process is repeated for three or more rounds.•After you have a clear topic to research, you need to collect reliable information about it and then document where you found it.
•The following steps will help you collect, organize, and identify your research. 1.
Search for secondary sources at a library or online, or conduct primary research. 2. Evaluate sources of information.
Suggested resources for helping students come up with topics for research papers. For first-authored paper, people do the research work, draft the manuscript, submit it to the journal, revise, and so on.
it will take a lot of time to accomplish one first-authored paper. Groupthink The brainstorming myth. By analyzing million peer-reviewed academic papers and million patents from the past fifty years, he has shown that levels of teamwork have.
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