Would you like to merge this question into it? MERGE already exists as an alternate of this question.
Muhammed Jinnah Gandhi persuaded many of his followers to use non-violent protests. They had sit-down strikes, they refused to work, they refused to pay their taxes etc. If the British reacted in a heavy-handed manner, it only made the British look worse; essentially, the British would come across as bullies enforcing their rule on the bullied.
However, there were those in India who wanted to use more extreme measures. This first met in — the Simon Commission. This commission reported in There were no Indians on the commission. It proposed self-government for the provinces but nothing else.
This was unacceptable for the INC, which wanted dominion status, granted immediately. During the time the Simon Commission reported, Gandhi started his second civil disobedience campaign. This included Gandhi deliberately breaking the law.
The law in India stated that only the government could manufacture salt. After a mile march to the sea, Gandhi started to produce his own salt.
This produced a violent clash with the British authorities and Gandhi was arrested.
At this time, a sympathetic Viceroy to India had been appointed — Lord Irwin. He believed that India should have dominion status — and he publicly expressed this idea. Irwin pushed for the issue to be discussed. He organised two Round Table conferences in and They were both held in London.
The first conference failed as no INC members were present.
Most were in Indian prisons. Irwin pushed for their release and he persuaded Gandhi to travel to Britain to take part in the second conference.The Indian Independence Bill, which carves the independent nations of India and Pakistan out of the former Mogul Empire, comes into force at the stroke of midnight.
Important Acts in India Before Independence.
Some of the Important acts in Indian before Independence (August 15th) are The Regulating Act, , The Pitts India act, , The Charter Acts The Government of India Acts and The Indian council Acts.
Illustrated India: its princes and people Upper, Central, and Farther India, up the Ganges, and down the Indus An authentic account of the visit to India of the Prince of Wales Stone, Julia A.
Aug 15, · India’s first independence movement against the British started in and is widely regarded to have been instigated by Mangal Pandey, an Indian soldier in the British East India Company. The holiday is observed throughout India with flag-hoisting ceremonies, parades and cultural events.
Indians celebrate the day by displaying the national flag on their attire, accessories, homes and vehicles; by listening to patriotic songs, watching patriotic movies; and bonding with family and friends.
Independence Day before. Apr 03, · India: Before & after Independence. India gained Independence at the stroke of midnight on Aug 15, with the combined efforts of the national leaders from the extremists as well as from the moderates section of the political parties in the India.