While both armies were licking their wounds and reorganizing, Hooker, Lincoln, and Halleck debated Union strategy. They were thus engaged when Lee headed north again on June 5, What his ultimate target may have been remains a historical mystery; he never told anyone.
On June 26,the Army of Virginia was formed under the command of Maj. Maneuvering following the Battle of Cedar Mountain on August 9 brought the armies to positions across the Rappahannock River. On August 22, received information that Pope expected to be reinforced from the Virginia Peninsula within five days, bringing his forces tomen.
Facing 75, men to his 55, Lee decided to split his forces and send half on a wide flanking movement. On August 25, Confederate forces under Maj. Turning his column eastward, he resumed his march in the morning and crossed Bull Run Mountain at Thoroughfare Gap and reached Gainesville in the late afternoon, where cavalry forces under Maj.
With evening approaching, the head of Jackson's column cut the Orange and Alexandria Railroad at Bristoe Station, four miles west of the Union supply depot at Manassas Junction.
During the night, Jackson's forces marched to the junction and seized the supply depot. On August 27, Pope moved to intercept Jackson from the southwest, whilethe Union general-in-chief in Washington, D.
During the morning Jackson's forces fended off the advance of Union forces northeast of the junction near Bull Run Bridge on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. Meanwhile at Bristoe Station, Jackson's rearguard under Maj. With Pope's army approaching from the west, Jackson decided to destroy the remaining supplies in Manassas Junction and to withdraw his command northward during the night to the site of the previous year's battle of First Bull Run.
The engagement began as a Federal column, under Jackson's observation near Brawner Farm, moved along the Warrenton Turnpike. In an effort to prevent Pope from moving into a strong defensive position around Centreville, Jackson risked being overwhelmed before could join him.
Jackson ordered an attack on the exposed left flank of the column and, in his words, "The conflict here was fierce and sanguinary. Losses were heavy on both sides. Pope believed he had trapped Jackson and sought to capture him before he could be reinforced by Longstreet.
Pope's dispatch sent on the evening of the 28th to General stated, in part, "General has intercepted the retreat of the enemy and is now in his front.
Unless he can escape by by-paths leading to the north to-night, he must be captured. Jackson had initiated the conflict with the goal of holding Pope in the area until arrived with the remainder of the Army of Northern Virginia.
Jackson formed his line of battle near Warrenton Turnpike, generally along the excavation for an unfinished railroad line. Beginning about 10 a. The fighting was intense and casualties were heavy on both sides. The battle continued until Federal forces withdrew.
Longstreet's corps arrived on the field at approximately 11 a. His arrival apparently went unnoticed by Pope until late in the afternoon when a portion of Longstreet's command repulsed a Union advance.
Early that morning, Jackson's troops pulled back from forward positions gained while repulsing the assaults. Pope viewed this as evidence of a retreat and, although he was now aware that Longstreet had joined Jackson, was determined to push forward.
Following skirmishing throughout the day, Pope moved against Jackson's position in force at about 3 p. Jackson described the assault, "In a few moments our entire line was engaged in a fierce and sanguinary struggle with the enemy.
As one line was repulsed another took its place and pressed forward as if determined by force of numbers and fury of assault to drive us from our positions. When massed Confederate artillery devastated a Union assault by 's command, Longstreet's wing of 28, men counterattacked in the largest, simultaneous mass assault of the war.Below are the table of contents for each of the issues of Gettysburg Magazine.
Government Historian at the Battle of Gettysburg" by Richard Allen Sauers. ISSUE No. 4, DATED JANUARY 1, John Haley's Personal Recollections of the Battle of the Wheatfield. During the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, ) Confederate Gen.
Robert E. Lee attempted to capitalize on his first day's success. He launched the Army of Northern Virginia in multiple attacks on the flanks of the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Maj. Gen.
George G. Meade. American Battlefield Trust’s map of the Battle of Gettysburg - The Wheatfield Fight Begins Gen. Robert E. Lee concentrated his full strength against Maj. Gen. George G. Meade’s Army of the Potomac at the crossroads county seat of Gettysburg at what would come to be known as the Battle of Gettysburg.
The Gettysburg Wheatfield One of the bloodiest battle sites in the United States is the Gettysburg Wheatfield. The 19 acre field of wheat changed hands between the North and South six times. Veterans compared it to a whirlpool. Swept up in the intense fighting, over 6, men were killed, wounded, or captured in the field [ ].
During the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, ) Confederate Gen. Robert E.
Lee attempted to capitalize on his first day's success. He launched the Army of Northern Virginia in multiple attacks on the flanks of the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Maj.
Gen. George G. Meade. The Battle of Gettysburg- Controversy at The Wheatfield The afternoon of July 2, was one of the most important, yet confusing fights of the Civil War.
The day was one of controversy as shots rang throughout the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.