Northwestern University This paper focuses on Freud's revolutionary theory of psychoanalysis and whether psychoanalysis should be considered a "great" idea in personality. The fundamental principles of the theory are developed and explained. In addition, the views of experts are reviewed, and many of the criticisms and strengths of various aspects of Freud's theory are examined and explained.
Support Aeon Donate now Every state needs to know about the people it rules. This is not just a matter of tedious bureaucratic record-keeping: In the early 20th-century Age of Empire, when European colonies stretched across the world, psychoanalysis was the novel technique of the moment.
In an attempt to better understand their colonial subjects in Essay on sigmund freud psychoanalysis years, officials in the British empire undertook a curious and little-known research project: The results were not what they expected.
Take, for example, the dream of Lhuzekhu, a man from the Naga Hills of Northeastern India who worked as an interpreter for the colonial administration.
I went alone down to the school. An elephant with no one on its back came up from the bazaar. I felt it was yours. I was frightened it might hurt me and threw a stone at it … Then I found myself in my house with my family … We all sat round the fire. There was a sudden gale of wind.
I held the post fearing my house would be blown over. I looked at all my posts and especially at the carved one in front of the door, and said: Seligman was a longtime adviser to colonial governments, which funded his research and helped to train colonial officials at the LSE.
Seligman made his career as a physical anthropologist at the height of racialist science. That meant defining human groups on the basis of physiognomy and locating them in evolutionary hierarchies.
Seligman was, in short, an imperialist and a classifier par excellence. Building a database of colonial dreams was a quixotic, even utopian, project. Seligman, a Sigmund Freud enthusiast, wanted to see what sort of information the powerful new tool of psychoanalysis could generate when confronted with the diverse cultures under British rule.
He also felt constrained by older techniques in psychology, such as measurements of reaction time to visual stimuli, which were long seen as the only kind of mental experience researchers could reliably capture. Seligman came to believe that these methods brought mere technical precision without the depth or complexity of inner life.
Dream research would show whether Freudianism could travel across cultural boundaries and return with richer, more textured portraits of the mind. Like any good Freudian, Seligman knew that the meaning of dreams could be elicited only through the act of interpretation; simply recording the twists and turns of the narrative was not enough.
So he instructed his dream-collecting agents — an assortment of colonial officials and anthropologists stationed across the world — to question their informants about the reactions and associations that arose as they described their dreams. Perhaps, then, Seligman could file this case in a growing pile of evidence for the universal validity of Freudian theory?
The logic of wish-fulfilment appeared again and again in dreams from across the world: On the other hand, a good deal of evidence pointed in the opposite direction.
Informants on at least three continents reported that the stages of sexual development that Freud made famous — oral, anal, genital — were nowhere to be found; children did not pass through a latency period, for instance, or a phase of fascination with excretory functions. Sexual mores were so much less restrictive than in the West, they reported, that unconscious minds there were much less intent on subverting them.Sigmund Freud, his story, his thought, and more, with tons of links, at Mythos & Logos.
Sep 09, · In old age, Sigmund Freud, committed atheist, began to see what’s so great about God. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Sigmund Freud Study Guide has everything you .
To help rule its empire, Britain turned to psychoanalysis. But they weren’t willing to hear the truth it told. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Sigmund Freud Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays.
Sigmund Freud's Psychosexual Development Theory Born on May 6, in Moravia, Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist who, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, developed the field of psychoanalysis.