It evaluates the global situation and analyses the processes unfolding in the world and its regions. On its basis the foreign strategy of the country has been found in full recognition of the fundamentally new geopolitical situation in the world. The system of international relations is in transition as a new polycentric world order is taking root.
Dec 9, Artem Kureev Opinion The latest edition of the Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation only mentions Ukraine in passing and gives little or no emphasis to potential cooperation between Moscow and Washington. In such an unpredictable world, the previous version from appears to have lost its relevance, partly due to global changes that occurred shortly after its adoption.
Most notably, the crisis in Ukraine. The current doctrine has been based on the victory of Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton in the U.
However, Republican candidate Donald Trump's surprising success and his promises to improve relations with Russia and withstand Islamic extremists in the Middle East could again make Russia's foreign policy concept outdated.
It may seem ironic, but they all grew partly obsolete within a year of their adoption.
Even though the Concept did not perceive world terrorism as a major threat, the doctrine still remained in effect untilwhen its substitute was approved during a period of relative global stability.
But just a month later, the Concept lost its relevance due to the Russian-Georgian War that resulted in strong Western pressure on Russia. Nevertheless, no one opted for immediate reconsideration of the Concept, which was revised only in after Putin returned to the Kremlin.
However, geopolitical changes rendered it obsolete within a year. Crimea became a part of RussiaUkraine was engulfed in a civil warand, consequently, Moscow entered the sanctions standoff with the West.
Soon, another stumbling block emerged when Russia went against the will of the West by supporting Syrian President Bashar Assad. Actually, the Concept proved the most short-lived, lasting only about three years.
In AprilPutin ordered to come up with a new version of the doctrine. What does the Foreign Policy Concept mean for the Kremlin?
In fact, it is a sort of a guide for diplomats and the authorities. The development of each new Concept is not a quick process because the document needs to be approved by Russia's Foreign Ministry, Presidential Administration, Security Council, etc. Since the new Concept is drastically different from previous versions and actually changes many vectors of Russian foreign policy, clearly, a lot of efforts went into it.
For example, the previous Concept referred to Russia as an "integral, organic part of European civilization. It also does not mention any sanctions. Russia is still considering the implementation of visa-free travel with the European Union and believes in a joint push against global terrorism.
Following in the footsteps of the previous Concept, the new document lists the EU countries with which Russia intends to develop bilateral relations: GermanyFranceItaly and Spain.
Great Britain, the Netherlands and Finland have been off the list since Oddly enough, the latter is not mentioned, even in the context of maintaining stability in Northern Europe. As for Ukraine, it is just mentioned in one clause that stipulates the need for the resolution of the "internal Ukrainian conflict" which should be reached through "interaction between all interested countries and international institutions".
It also reveals Moscow's interest in developing a wide range of political, economic, cultural and spiritual ties with KIev. Moreover, it sought to foster profound integration processes between Kiev and Moscow.
The new document pays a lot of attention to the shift of Russia's interests towards the Far East. The new Concept emphasizes the need for cooperation within regional structures and openly labels the strengthening of the Kremlin's positions in the Asia-Pacific region as a strategic direction of Russian foreign policy.
Moreover, the current doctrine directly states that Moscow and Beijing share the same "fundamental approaches" to key global processes. Essentially, the new Concept sees China as Russia's main partner. To be fair, previous analogous Concepts paid a lot of attention to cooperation between Russia and China as well.
In line with three previous versions, the new doctrine notably provides the Kremlin with a lot of leeway and carefully steers away from some controversial points, such as the war in Ukraine and the Syrian conflict.
At the same time, Moscow confirms its adherence to non-proliferation, human rights protection and the need to boost the role of the UN in the resolution of contested problems.
In these areas, Russia's priorities have not changed over the years. Unlike its Russian counterpart, the European foreign policy concept presented in June by Federica Mogherini, head of the E.The authors conclude that Russia's general attitude toward Ukraine is largely consistent with historical Russian (and Soviet) thinking about security interests and foreign policy, which have focused on buffer states, influence on its neighbors, and a perception of continued competition with the United States.
In general, Western analysts should find the Russian foreign policy concept useful since it provides a detailed account of Russia's interests and priorities worldwide. It is crucial for building rapport and finding solutions to many international challenges.
Russian foreign policy: priorities, challenges and perspectives According to the Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation drawn up by the Russian Foreign Ministry, Russia should become a balancing factor in conditions of global turbulence in the development of global civilization.
There are five primary factors that will impact Russian foreign policy in the coming year. Chief among these is the potential for a new direction in U.S.
foreign policy that is more aggressive towards Russia. On November 30, , Russian President Vladimir Putin approved Russia's Foreign Policy and is committed to working with all interested states to address common challenges. Russia's foreign policy is open and The foreign policy priorities of the Russian Federation include promoting bilateral and multilateral cooperation with.
This Perspective provides an overview and analysis of sources of Russian foreign policy to help explain Russia's actions in Ukraine in and Russia's willingness to endure them underlines its priorities.
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