Science as Observation and Experiment a.
In the following scenes she appears to pinch, swipe and prod the pages of paper magazines as though they too were screens. When nothing happens, she pushes against her leg, confirming that her finger works just fine—or so a title card would have us believe. Perhaps his daughter really did expect the paper magazines to respond the same way an iPad would.
Or maybe she had no expectations at all—maybe she just wanted to touch the magazines. Young children who have never seen a tablet like the iPad or an e-reader Scientific observation paper the Kindle will still reach out and run their fingers across the pages of a paper book; they will jab at an illustration they like; heck, they will even taste the corner of Scientific observation paper book.
Today's so-called digital natives still interact with a mix of paper magazines and books, as well as tablets, smartphones and e-readers; using one kind of technology does not preclude them from understanding another. Nevertheless, the video brings into focus an important question: How exactly does the technology we use to read change the way we read?
How reading on screens differs from reading on paper is relevant not just to the youngest among usbut to just about everyone who reads—to anyone who routinely switches between working long hours in front of a computer at the office and leisurely reading paper magazines and books at home; to people who have embraced e-readers for their convenience and portability, but admit that for some reason they still prefer reading on paper; and to those who have already vowed to forgo tree pulp entirely.
As digital texts and technologies become more prevalent, we gain new and more mobile ways of reading—but are we still reading as attentively and thoroughly?
How do our brains respond differently to onscreen text than to words on paper? Should we be worried about dividing our attention between pixels and ink or is the validity of such concerns paper-thin?
Since at least the s researchers in many different fields—including psychology, computer engineering, and library and information science—have investigated such questions in more than one hundred published studies.
The matter is by no means settled. Before most studies concluded that people read slower, less accurately and less comprehensively on screens than on paper. Studies published since the early showever, have produced more inconsistent results: And recent surveys suggest that although most people still prefer paper—especially when reading intensively—attitudes are changing as tablets and e-reading technology improve and reading digital books for facts and fun becomes more common.
Even so, evidence from laboratory experimentspolls and consumer reports indicates that modern screens and e-readers fail to adequately recreate certain tactile experiences of reading on paper that many people miss and, more importantly, prevent people from navigating long texts in an intuitive and satisfying way.
In turn, such navigational difficulties may subtly inhibit reading comprehension. Compared with paper, screens may also drain more of our mental resources while we are reading and make it a little harder to remember what we read when we are done. A parallel line of research focuses on people's attitudes toward different kinds of media.
Whether they realize it or not, many people approach computers and tablets with a state of mind less conducive to learning than the one they bring to paper. I would like to preserve the absolute best of older forms, but know when to use the new.
We often think of reading as a cerebral activity concerned with the abstract—with thoughts and ideas, tone and themes, metaphors and motifs. As far as our brains are concerned, however, text is a tangible part of the physical world we inhabit.
In fact, the brain essentially regards letters as physical objects because it does not really have another way of understanding them.Observation Research Project.
Read everything before doing anything! The first draft of your observation and paper must be complete by the date showno n the index page. Another student will assess your paper using this scale, and return the assessment to me on that same day. (This will take longer; there’s more to read than in the pre.
Examples of observation include many activities in everyday life. Observation is the process of watching someone or something. Often, observation is an informal action, but it can also be formal and involve data collection.
In science, it is necessary to make observations in order to prove or disprove hypotheses using the scientific method. René Descartes: Scientific Method. René Descartes’ major work on scientific method was the Discourse that was published in (more fully: Discourse on the Method for Rightly Directing One’s Reason and Searching for Truth in the Sciences).He published other works that deal with problems of method, but this remains central in any understanding of the Cartesian method of science.
Every scientific journal contains reams of papers detailing scientific observation.
This information is peer reviewed which means other scientists carefully pick over the paper to verify that the experimental design is sound, there is a control, the data has been analysed and interpreted correctly etc etc.
Defining a research problem is the fuel that drives the scientific process, and is the foundation of any research method and experimental design, from true experiment to case study.
Kip Thorne looks into the black hole he helped create and thinks, “Why, of course. That's what it would do.” ¶ This particular black hole is a simulation of unprecedented accuracy.